Clinical Chemistry & Hematology
Laboratory testing is a critical element in quality patient care influencing roughly 70% of clinical decisions.
Clinical chemistry uses chemical processes to measure levels of biologically important substances (called analytes) in body fluids. Blood and urine are the two most common body fluids tested in clinical chemistry. Other body fluids often used for testing include saliva, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid, and peritoneal fluid.
The methods to measure these analytes are carefully designed to provide accurate assessments of their concentration. The results of these tests are compared to reference intervals or a medical decision level to provide diagnostic and clinical meaning for the values.
The research carried out by the clinical chemistry & hematology lab relates to the diagnosis and therapy of different diseases in humans. For example:
- Salts, proteins and lipids (clinical chemistry)
- Production, distribution and breakdown of cells in the blood (hematology)
- Antibodies (autoimmune)
- Hormone management (endocrinology)
- Blood clotting (hemostasis)
- Drug of abuse screening (Toxicology)